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You are always hoping to return in Karlovy Vary once again

Tucked away in a valley of mountains, a small town Karlovy Vary, founded by Czech king Charles 4, could not have imagined how popular and famous it will be very soon.

You are always hoping to return in Karlovy Vary once again

Tucked away in a valley of mountains, a small town Karlovy Vary, founded by Czech king Charles 4, could not have imagined how popular and famous it will be very soon.

At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries the town was at the height of its glory and magnificence. Most interesting architectural solutions are embodied in this period, giving us the charming and unique look, to which a large number of tourists from all over the world come to wonder and admire every year. The surrounding natural landscape in its pristine mountain forests and clear rivers are an ideal complement to the image of the resort.

Of course, the main thing that attracts all visitors at this place, in addition to the beauty and charm of a European resort, is its unique mineral springs, the possibility to improve their health and to enjoy the fresh air. By understanding the life-giving power of the mineral water, passing the course of required medical procedures, spa guests arrive here already constantly without changing the new habit for a long years. This resort can offer the most valuable thing man needed - an opportunity to strengthen their organism and get back to a normal life.

The development of balneology in Karlovy Vary. A lot of does not mean good.

Very soon the mineral waters have become quite popular for treatment initially among aristocratic families, royal persons and nobles, and then they were joined by famous people, rich and successful members of gentry and other estates. Over 200 years the Carlsbad terms had offered completely different treatment. Until the middle of16 centuries in the basis of complete course of treatment was lying the conviction of necessity immersion into the mineral water at a adapted for this purpose baths during many hours . Doctors were sure and also changed mind of their patients that mineral water in this case is penetrating through the skin pores, promotes the speedy wash out all diseases. Now imagine that the assigned procedures could last up to 10 hours and continued for 4-5 weeks, that made a destructive effect on the state of the skin, and even worsened the condition of the patient. In those days even has been normally to write down the Letters Testamentary so often relapses and complications have occurred at sick.

The revolution in the understanding of usefulness of drinking water treatment

Everything has changed in 1522 by the decision of the physician Václav Payer to transform methods of spa treatment. He offered besides the usual bath's procedures also to drink water directly from the source. After dramatically positive results were seen in the first few patients this method have been a logical development of drinking water treatment regimen. Already in 1600 Dr. Johannes Stefan Shtrobelberger also starts actively promote this method of treatment. It took, as you can see, a lot of time and additional arguments, including scientific evidence and the recommendations of medical luminaries in order to gain the trust of patients. From that time drinking cure has become the predominant choice in the recovery program. But not everything has gone smoothly, because patients were forced to drink 50-70 cups of water. Not so long ago in middle of the 18th century, this treatment was intended to start with small doses and then increasingly, the so-called pyramidal course.

King arrived

At the end of the 17th century the medical trips of European royals and their large retinue, primarily from land Saxony, Poland, has renewed. But we will highlight stays of the Russian Tsar Peter the Great in 1711-1712gg. with numerous honorary escort of courtiers and servants. The resort city life has considerably quickened, at this time took place numerous cultural events, political issues for the spa season had moved into the small town together with their rulers. Karlsbad welcomed tens of thousands, not hundreds visitors. To take here the treatment becomes prestigious, fashionable.

Scientific researches

The popularization of the resort in the early 18th century contributed the continuing research works of scientists and physicians. It is thanks to them people has been educated in correct understanding of usefulness of drinking water from mineral springs. But most importantly, it has helped to come to the beginning of manufacturing development and production of therapeutic Geyser Carlsbad salt to export in other countries, and this is at despite the resistance of the local government and residents.

Fundamental changes in balneology

History waited for its hero and Dr. David Becher, who has devoted his life to the development of the resort and spa treatment, became this hero. He has published tractate about analysis of sources, classification, the usefulness and their impact at the treatment of internal organs. This tractate has made a revolution in scientific circles. Thanks to his activity the salt production has began to develop on an industrial scales. The approach to amount of consumed mineral water has changed drastically. Grueling procedures of bathings and excessive water drinking have given way to a scientifically based method of dosing drinking water treatment, depending the chemical analysis of composition and quality of sources with mineral water. This approach has raised the prestige of the Karlovy Vary spa treatment.

Patients appreciated the necessity to drink water slowly and directly at the sources, the importance of walks and motor activity during treatment. But not only the systematic approach to the treatment plan has changed, an external appearance of the resort area of the town has changed also. A lot of gazebos and pavilions near the sources, colonnades, new spa facilities appeared. All resort visitors slowly sauntered along the alleys and at the forest trails, fulfilling the responsibly of doctors' recommendations about the benefits of slow walks, do not forgetting of drinking life-giving water from the unfailing spa cup.

The heyday of spa industry in the XVIII century

The eighteenth century brought Carlsbad decades of prosperity and glory. In 1707, Emperor Joseph I has approved the status of Carlsbad as a free royal city. In 1719 Magistrate issued a special city laws that regulate to the smallest detail of the whole resort life.

In connection with the development of spa industry a number of public and resort facilities was built, for example, in 1701 the Saxon Hall, in 1728 Czech Hall. In 1711 the Mill hospital - the first public spa was constructed. From 1700 spa industry has already begun to define very impressively the face of the town. Everything was subordinated to the needs of spa guests.

The new stone building of the theater was built in 1788 on the funds earned from the sale of Geyser salt. In 1792 the New Spring colonnade was built and became the first building of its kind in Carlsbad, which allow to guests of the resort to hide from bad weather directly near the springs. Most of all spa guests were fond of Bohemian Hall. Now the building is known by the name of Grand Hotel Pupp. In 1775 Johann Georg Pupp one of the first has founded the Hotel - Restaurant complex and made it extensively and thoroughly.

 A considerable contribution Dr Becher

The first mud baths, new techniques in the treatment of diabetes, the successful application of inhalations and irrigations, the discovery of new springs of mineral water - it is not a complete list in the prosperity the Carlsbad resort in the early 19th century. And even the war with Napoleon did not become an obstacle to travel to the heart of Europe.

 

Treatment Ideas, developed by by David Becher in the 1st half of the 19th century, were then successfully continued by other outstanding spa doctors. Their glorious names would be forever remain in the annals of the history of balneology: Jean de Carro, Rudolf Manlius, Edward Hlavacek.

Patients suffering from diabetes, found here for themselves a kind of refuge for recovery. The so-called "gas clinic" has been available since 1838 for patients (in the present Treatment Spa 6). Since 1853, upon the recommendation of doctor Mann the ferrous source began to use, where was built the so-called "glandular hospital."

 

Since 1844 the export of large amounts of the hot spring water has been developed for the successful treatment of the digestive tract worldwide. The popularity of resort, its importance and uniqueness has grown from day to day, applied improved methods, recognition of Carlsbad spa treatment significantly has increased.

 

Everything flows, everything changes

 

For the period from June 15 until September 15, the whole color of the upper class of Europe was here. But gradually the time frame of staying have stretched out already from 1 May until 30 September, and then the composition of patients changed also. On the streets of Carlsbad it was possible to meet the different classes of patients. The town exactly has becoming a place for treatment, allowing the guest to cure the body regardless of their rank or payment possibility.

 

The Golden Age in the history of Karlsbad

 

It was the worst flood to hit Karlsvbad in the 19th century, which caused a serious damage to resort. It was required a complex modernization according to the the main purpose of the town - to provide an accommodation and to serve a huge number of patients. A great new construction activity, many new health care facilities, modern clinics and spa centers according to the modern requirements and the necessity to accommodate the increased flow of visitors.

There are beautiful buildings in various style decisions decorated the town, adding the festive "gingerbread" look. Construction of the railway line Karlovy Vary-Cheb in the second half of the 19th century and its accession to the European system of railway communication further promoted the development of spa resort. Significant historical resort areas became its personification and gave a recognizable image in the world.

Post in Carlsbad was being developed also because the famous greeting card with messages on background Geiser were immediately characterized the sender status, their success and significance.

Around Geyser and the Mill Colonnade spa life was constantly bubbled up, at the opening spa season there were performances and concerts at the Theatre - the stunning architectural structures in the center of the resort, all the days for the duration of the therapeutic of the season have been planned out literally each hour at the Imperial Spa.

In 1871 the new trains have linked resort with Prague. The renewed and modernized town had met the beginning of World War I, even the monumental Hotel Imperial on a high hill was builded overlooking above the town like a fortress.

 

War makes corrections

 

Not only european patients, but the transoceanic guests from America, residents of Foggy Albion from England began to arrive for treatment in Karlsbad. In accordance with their habits, they gave preference to active recreation in addition to the therapeutic regimen. Now the resort areas were surrounded by new tennis courts and golf courses, at the oldest racetrack in Czech the horse racing and tournaments were held. In 1911, the number of visitors has already reached about 80 000 people a year, setting an attendance record.

Beginning of the War completely has changed the well-established spa mode. The city began to degradate, the flow of tourists has decreased dramatically to the minimum. Powerful economic crisis has hit the the town economy especially hard, forcing entrepreneurs, owners of hotels and guest houses was driven into bankruptcy and suffered huge losses. Unfortunately, during the Second World War the town lost its main decoration - a famous cast-iron construction the Hot Spring Colonnade. Suffice it to say that in the last year of the war less than 4,000 people arrived for treatment.

 

The nationalization of the resort and the further development


After 1945, the nationalized mineral springs and resort property (spa clinics, hotels, guest houses) became the basis of the national enterprise "Czechoslovak motels and sources" created in 1948 . State health resort Karlsbad became its successor in 1990. The municipal authorities of the town made a significant contribution to the maintenance the historical buildings, parks and forests in perfect condition, restoration and modernization. Under the patronage of the town the famous Karlsbad Symphony Orchestra, founded in 1835 and belongs to the oldest symphony orchestras in Europe, continues to develop, making an invaluable contribution to the cultural life of residents and visitors.

Every year a great number of people from 80 countries are coming to Karlsbad, resort guests take a unique treatment, enthuse the wonderful views. The town ready to offer the most advanced medical equipment in specialized sanatoriums and hospitals, the newest techniques and procedures allow to improve their health for all patients, sports grounds and facilities are always ready to please the lovers of outdoor activities.

Numerous restaurants and cozy terraces invite you to spend a pleasant evening in friendly company. The concerts, festivals and carnivals will add brightness to the calmness the resort. In early July every year the town turns into continuous area of cinema, during the International film festival get ready to meet famous world stars at the streets of town. Philip Nuare, Leonardo DiCaprio, Gina Lollobrigida, Gregory Peck, Pierre Richard, of Whoopi Goldberg have visited this festival in different years.

Commemorative signs with their names as in Alley of Glory now can be seen in front of the main entrance of the hotel Pupp. For the convenience of guests the KUR-INFO Information Office - branch of Department of Magistrate resorts and traveling - appeared in the city center, where you will find brochures in various languages on subjects of the town, prices of treatment and accomodation, events and places of interest.